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St Pauls C of E (VA) Primary School

School Logo

St Pauls C of E (VA) Primary School



St Paul's C of E Primary School

Science Policy


The school’s aims for Science


Science teaches an understanding of natural phenomena. It aims to stimulate a child’s curiosity in finding out why things happen in the way they do. It teaches methods of enquiry and investigation to stimulate independent and creative thought. Children learn to ask scientific questions and begin to appreciate the way science affects, and will continue to in the future, on a personal, national and global level.


The aims of the Science Curriculum are to enable children to:


  • ask and answer scientific questions
  • to work scientifically; developing an understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science
  • to develop their scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding
  • to develop an understanding of the uses and implications of science today and for the future


Teaching and Learning


When delivering the National Curriculum (Curriculum 2014), teachers employ a range of strategies and use their professional judgement to decide on the most appropriate teaching and learning style for the class, groups of pupils or individual pupils.


These may include:


  • collaborative group work
  • individual or paired work
  • whole class discussions/demonstrations
  • use of the outdoor space
  • pupil led demonstrations/peer assessment
  • use of ICT to research/explore/investigate/present
  • visits to museums/gardens/environmental centres
  • inviting experts/speakers/theatre groups
  • participate in a biannual ‘Science Week’
  • participation in recycling and ecological initiatives


We recognise that there are children of widely different scientific abilities in all classes and we endeavour to ensure that we provide suitable learning opportunities for all children by matching the challenge of the task to the ability of the child. We achieve this in a variety of ways by


  • setting common tasks that are open-ended and can have a variety of responses
  • grouping children by ability and setting different tasks for each group
  • providing resources of different complexity, matched to the ability of the child
  • using teaching assistants/ volunteers to support the work of individual children or groups of children


Science curriculum


The school follows the National Curriculum (Curriculum 2014). We endeavour to deliver the Science curriculum in partnership with other subjects in order to teach a creative and meaningful curriculum within appropriate contexts.


The programme of study for Science includes:


Key Stage 1 Key Stage 2

• working scientifically 
• animals, including humans
• seasonal change
• living things and their habitats
• uses of everyday materials
• plants

• working scientifically 
• plants 
• animals, including humans 
• living things and their habitats 
• rocks 
• light 
• forces and magnets
• states of matter
• sound
• electricity
• properties and changes of materials
• earth and space
• evolution and inheritance


Each term an aspect of working scientifically is explicitly taught and assessed in every class. The other programmes of study have been organised into a two yearly rolling plan to ensure that all areas of the curriculum are taught and assessed.


Foundation Stage


Science is taught in reception from the Foundation Stage curriculum through ‘Understanding of the World’ although early scientific skills are taught and explored through many different activities and areas of the Foundation Stage curriculum.


Health and Safety


Staff and children are aware of the need for health and safety procedures to be followed during Science activities. In some lessons health and safety issues are part of the learning objectives as described in the National Curriculum (Curriculum 2014).

Class teachers are aware of the safety requirements for teaching science as set out in the Be Safe manual, which is kept on the science shelf in the staffroom. Staff can also refer to the Science coordinator if they wish to discuss a health and safety matter. Teachers are required to do risk assessments of lessons/activities which take place off site and any other activity that could pose risks.


Monitoring, recording and assessment


Assessment for learning procedures are used for monitoring and recording children’s ongoing progress in Science. At the end of a Science topic, either the end of a term or half term, summative assessments of pupils’ capabilities of both a specific ‘working scientifically’ skill and the knowledge and understanding covered in the topic is completed and recorded on an individual assessment sheets for each child by the class teacher. In KS2 these assessment sheets are kept in the children’s science books as they also self-assess against the relevant statements. In KS1 the assessment sheets are kept by the class teacher. At the end of a school year all assessment sheets are passed onto the next teacher. Each half term data is recorded in Target Tracker to allow us to track pupil progress. Teachers make an assessment of each child’s scientific ability at the end of Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2. We report the results of these assessments to parents. Parents are also informed of their child’s progress in science in the end of year reports.




We have resources for all areas of the Science curriculum and the school endeavours to replace, enhance and increase the resources available each year. These resources are stored in clearly labelled boxes on shelves directly outside the Kier room. On the wall outside the Kier room there are miniature pictures of all the posters so that staff are able to access these resources easily. The library contains a supply of science books to support individual research.